Cash Assistance and Recovery Support
As Somalia is paving the way towards early recovery, many households are still classified as stressed, and there is an increased need to support livelihoods and build resilience among vulnerable communities in the region.
The southern regions of Somalia, including Lower Juba and Mudug, continue to be affected by repeated disasters, including drought, floods and conflict, all of which contribute to food insecurity. In Lower Juba, for example, these factors, coupled with the current insecurity and limited humanitarian assistance, means that poor households have significant food consumption gaps. While vulnerable communities are still in need of emergency assistance, the move towards early recovery also requires support to improve livelihoods. Adeso together with ACTED, will aim to strengthen the capacity of targeted poor households by providing training and livelihoods packages designed specifically for them.
Previous cash-based programs in emergency situations have demonstrated that households receiving cash grants used most of the money to improve their access to food, including diversifying their diet. This resulted in significant rapid improvements in beneficiary household food security, nutrition and asset recovery.This project therefore focuses on promoting food security and maintaining livelihoods of poor households and is targeting 6,200 households, including vulnerable and female-headed households, in the Lower Juba and Muduug regions of Somalia. While 5,000 households will receive four monthly unconditional cash transfers, 1,200 households will participate in Cash for Work activities to rehabilitate productive assets. Households will also receive training on improved farming and livestock management practices and basic business skills as well as livelihood inputs, including farming tools and seeds.
Through the distribution of unconditional cash transfers, the purchasing power and livelihoods of targeted households will improve, empowering them to meet their basic food and non-food needs during the lean season and decreasing the use of distress coping mechanisms. Pastoralists, for example, will be cushioned against selling their livestock to purchase food. This will in turn prevent complete asset depletion and contribute to longer term livelihood recovery and food security. Agricultural inputs, such as quality and diversified seeds, tools, and fishing gear, will increase community and/or household production. Finally, the provision of training in sound agricultural practices will help to strengthen the resilience of communities to food and climatic shocks.