Reports and Publications

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30 th
Apr 2015

Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing in the Territorial Waters of Somalia

THE UNIVERSITY OF RHODES ISLAND AND TRANSAFRICA CO - 30th Apr 2015

IT IS DIFFICULT TO ESTIMATE THE LOSSES THAT FOREIGN ILLEGAL VESSELS CAUSE IN SOMALIA. ANNUAL ESTIMATES RANGE FROM US$ 100 MILLION TO OVER US$450 MILLION. In addition to loss in revenue, illegal ...

IT IS DIFFICULT TO ESTIMATE THE LOSSES THAT FOREIGN ILLEGAL VESSELS CAUSE IN SOMALIA. ANNUAL ESTIMATES RANGE FROM US$ 100 MILLION TO OVER US$450 MILLION.

In addition to loss in revenue, illegal vessels cause overfishing, reduce fish stocks, affect local catches, harm the marine environment and destroy fishing communities by denying opportunities to catch and export fish. Illegal fishing causes loss of employment in fishing and post-harvest fish handling as loss of revenue that could be generated from landing fees, license fees, taxes and other revenues payable by legal fishing companies.

The indirect harm of Illegal and Unregulated (IUU) fishing to Somalia includes lost income and employment in other sectors in the supply chain upstream (i.e., fishing gear, boats and equipment, etc.) and downstream (i.e., fish processing and packaging, marketing and transport, etc.) from the fishing operation itself . Additionally, illegal fishing vessels use reckless fishing operations. They leave behind them irreversible impacts on target species, the marine ecosystem and vulnerable species such as coral reefs, dugongs and turtles. Furthermore, IUU fishing directly affects fishermen’s livelihoods. It destroys their fishing nets and threatens them at sea by mistaking them for pirates thus depriving them of fully exercising their livelihoods.

The Somali fishery sector is predominantly small-scale. Fishermen use open fiberglass skiffs ranging in length from three to six meters. Most are motorized and equipped with an outboard engine or to a lesser extent, an inboard engine. The average fisherman has been fishing for about 15 years and is on average 38 years old. Most have an elementary level education and live in households with about eight members. More than half own their fishing boats and 50% are members of fishing cooperatives. Over a third fish within 10 km of their communities while 50% of the fishermen fish within 50 km of their communities.

Managing the fisheries begins with registration of fishermen and fishing boats. Fifty-four percent of fishermen reported no requirement for fishing boat registration or painting registration numbers on their vessels while 12% percent did not know about these requirements. When asked which entity was responsible for fishing boat registration, 41% identified the fisheries office and 47% identified the port authority. The latter plays that role in Somaliland and Puntland, while the fisheries office does so in the other states. The absence of information on the number and size of vessels, engine horsepower, and the types and sizes of fishing gear makes management decisions more difficult, if not impossible, to assess optimum sustainable yields.

Read the full report here for more information on IUU Fishing in Somalia and suggested recommendations.

18 th
Nov 2015

2014 Annual Report: Changing the Story

Adeso - 18th Nov 2015

In 2014, Adeso’s humanitarian and development efforts reached nearly 1.9 million people in Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. One community at a time, our efforts this year focused on ...

In 2014, Adeso’s humanitarian and development efforts reached nearly 1.9 million people in Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. One community at a time, our efforts this year focused on helping individuals and families build a better life for themselves.

19 th
Jan 2016

Turkana Basket Value-Chain Feasibility Study and Implementation Plan

REGAL-IR - 19th Jan 2016

The Turkana basket and handicrafts sector has been singled out as an opportunity for economic growth.  This  report  outlines the  process  for data collection,& ...

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The Turkana basket and handicrafts sector has been singled out as an opportunity for economic
growth. 

This  report  outlines the  process  for data collection,  critical  analysis and
recommendations, including a draft one-year budget. The report focuses on an implementation strategy  that  roadmaps  a  sustainable  and  scalable  path  to  professionalism,  businessdevelopment, and increased incomes.

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12 th
Feb 2016

Basketry Value Chain Study

12th Feb 2016

The Turkana basket and handicrafts sector has been singled out as an opportunity for economic growth. This report outlines the process for data collection, critical analysis and recommendat ...
The Turkana basket and handicrafts sector has been singled out as an opportunity for economic
growth. This report outlines the process for data collection, critical analysis and
recommendations, including a draft one-year budget. The report focuses on an implementation
strategy that roadmaps a sustainable and scalable path to professionalism, business
development, and increased incomes.
 
The philosophical approach for this study is grounded in transforming challenges into
opportunities. The analysis tools are rooted in a results-driven approach with a market focus.
Business development tools are recommended as a way to increase professionalism in social
entrepreneurship. As producers build professionalism, the industry’s capacity to compete in the global marketplace grows.
Particularly important to success is the inherent value of the Kenyan artisanal export context.
Kenya has important assets lacking in many African countries. These include a vibrant port with
multiple shipping options, experienced buyer agents, a broad selection of highly marketable
products, a strong international buyer base, relative ease of business operations and a stable
government. These factors are the essential foundation for growth of the Turkana handicraft
value chain.
01 st
Aug 2016

Adeso UK Signed Trustees Report and Accounts 20 September 2015

01st Aug 2016

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    28 th
    Feb 2013

    Access to Credit and Unconditional Cash Transfers in South Central Somalia

    Index Consultants Ltd., February 2013, The Somalia Cash Consortium

    The overall aim of this independent study was to improve our understanding of...

    Index Consultants Ltd., February 2013, The Somalia Cash Consortium

    The overall aim of this independent study was to improve our understanding of how cash transfer programming (CTP) affect’s people’s access to credit, within the context of South Central Somalia.

    The report was commissioned by the Somalia Cash Consortium (ACF, Adeso, DRC and Save the Children), and examines existing practices around access to credit among beneficiaries, the impact of cash transfer programming on local credit systems, and the possible linkage of cash transfer programs to credit systems within an emergency context.

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    28 th
    Jan 2013

    Gatekeepers in Mogadishu: Research Consultancy

    Erik Bryld, Christine Kamau and Dina Sinigallia, January 2013, The Somalia Cash Consortium Research on the important role gatekeepers play as powerful intermediaries between In...

    Erik Bryld, Christine Kamau and Dina Sinigallia, January 2013, The Somalia Cash Consortium Research on the important role gatekeepers play as powerful intermediaries between Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and aid organisations.

    This research identifies practical ways of mitigating negative impact and how to work better with gatekeepers to improve IDP protection.

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    28 th
    Jan 2013

    Lessons Learnt From A Consortium Approach: Cash Transfers in South Central Somalia

    Betty Kweyu, January 2013, the Somalia Cash Consortium

    This study examines the added value of setting up a consortium in the context of an emergency respons...

    Betty Kweyu, January 2013, the Somalia Cash Consortium

    This study examines the added value of setting up a consortium in the context of an emergency response—was it relevant, effective and efficient?

    How can the coordination and information-sharing processes of the Somalia Cash Consortium be improved, while still maintaining the diversity of a consortium approach?

    What lessons can be learnt for other consortia in future emergencies?

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    28 th
    May 2012

    Guidelines: How to Use Hawala in Somalia

    Money transfer companies, also known as Hawala, are an increasingly popular partner chosen by humanitarian agencies to distribute cash in Somalia.

    This guide–prepar...

    Money transfer companies, also known as Hawala, are an increasingly popular partner chosen by humanitarian agencies to distribute cash in Somalia.

    This guide–prepared by Adeso with support from the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, and on behalf of the Cash Based Response Working Group–will explain the Hawala system and provides some guidelines on how agencies can partner with them to deliver cash transfers in Somalia.

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    15 th
    May 2012

    Social Safety Net Workshop Report & Powerpoint

    For the past year, Adeso has led the implementation, in conjunction with Save the Children, of a 30-month pilot Social Safety Net (SSN) project in the Sanaag and Karkaar regions of ...

    For the past year, Adeso has led the implementation, in conjunction with Save the Children, of a 30-month pilot Social Safety Net (SSN) project in the Sanaag and Karkaar regions of Somalia, which provides cash grants and skills training for 2,200 households. 

    In May 2012, Adeso and Save the Children organized a workshop to discuss some of the most important lessons learned, and the potential for further social protection programs in Somalia.

    The report and PowerPoint summarize the benefits of and challenges to implementing the SSN program in Somalia thus far.

    Download PowerPoint

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    14 th
    May 2012

    A deadly delay: risk aversion and cash in the 2011 Somalia famine

    In the May 2012 issue of the Humanitarian Exchange, a publication by the Overseas Development Institute’s Humanitarian Practice Network, Adeso’s Executive Director, Dega...

    In the May 2012 issue of the Humanitarian Exchange, a publication by the Overseas Development Institute’s Humanitarian Practice Network, Adeso’s Executive Director, DegaAli, analyzes the adverse effects of risk aversion on the communities most affected by last year’s famine.

    In the article, she outlines the potential for cash transfer programming to provide humanitarian relief at scale during a crisis, and addresses the need for humanitarian actors to be willing to take some programming risks to save lives during a crisis. The article is on page 10

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    16 th
    Mar 2012

    Adeso Impact Report

    An overview of Adeso’s work over the past 20 years, with a particular focus on its achievements.

    The report includes forewords by Adeso’s founder, Fatima Jibr...

    An overview of Adeso’s work over the past 20 years, with a particular focus on its achievements.

    The report includes forewords by Adeso’s founder, Fatima Jibrell, and its current Executive Director, Degan Ali.

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    20 th
    Oct 2011

    Pastoralist Situational Assessment (PSA) Report

    Roy Carr-Hill & David Ondijo, with assistance from Dr. Marla Stone, 2011

    This report presents the results of a representative, multi-sectoral survey con...

    Roy Carr-Hill & David Ondijo, with assistance from Dr. Marla Stone, 2011

    This report presents the results of a representative, multi-sectoral survey conducted to gather in-depth information about livelihoods and services for pastoral and agro-pastoral groups in six regions of the greater Somali territory representing the main livelihood zones.

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    23 rd
    Sep 2011

    Cash and Voucher Monitoring Group: Final monitoring report

    By

    (Phase I: September 2011-March 2012)

    This report is the result of a unique partnership involving 14 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) providing cash-bas...

    By

    (Phase I: September 2011-March 2012)

    This report is the result of a unique partnership involving 14 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) providing cash-based interventions in response to famine and humanitarian emergency in South Central Somalia.

    Coordinated by UNICEF, the Cash and Voucher Monitoring Group (CVMG) was established in September 2011 to monitor the effectiveness of cash and food voucher projects implemented at scale and to determine the impacts on local markets and beneficiary households.

    The NGO interventions and the monitoring undertaken by the CVMG have since continued into a second phase (April–December 2012).

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    23 rd
    Jun 2011

    Seeking Acceptance: The Promise of Cash in High-Risk Areas

    By Degan Ali & Kate Churchill-Smith

    Prepared for the Second World Conference on Humanitarian Studies at Tufts University June 2-5, 2011 in Medford, Massachusetts, US.

    The article analyzes the ...

    By Degan Ali & Kate Churchill-Smith

    Prepared for the Second World Conference on Humanitarian Studies at Tufts University June 2-5, 2011 in Medford, Massachusetts, US.

    The article analyzes the approach to cash programming used by Adeso (then Horn Relief) to demonstrate both its viability, and its promise in high-risk areas like Somalia.

    The use of local money transfer businesses to transfer funds, and a highly effective targeting methodology, are two crucial components to Adeso’s success in Somalia.

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